For a significant period of time historians traditionally viewed the reigns of Edward VI and Mary I as a time of crisis. The key aspects of the crisis are summarised by historian John Warren as:
A crisis of political authority – factions were out of control and the ruling class were troubled by rebellion.
A social and economic crisis – poor harvests, debasement of the coinage and high inflation.
A foreign policy crisis – England was clearly a second-rate power among the European powers.
To what extent is this true? Did the factors combine to create a time of crisis?
Your revision homework is to create a set of revision notes / diagrams / mind maps on the Edwardian ‘crisis’. Use your printed notes / sheets to produce the revision work. These are some prompts for your revision:
Somerset and the role of Lord Protector.
Religious changes / problems.
Factions in the Privy Council.
Rebellions – Western and Kett.
Social and Economic problems.
Foreign Policy and events abroad.
Read around the subject – historians such as John Guy and David Loades are useful on this topic. Finally – post a response to one of the following key questions:
What are the main elements of the case in favour of a crisis in Edward VI reign?
What are the counter arguments to the notion of crisis? (divide these into the regimes of Somerset and Northumberland)
To what extent were the governments of Somerset and Northumberland 1547-53 characterised by ruthless ambition and determination to control the affairs of England?
Your revision homework for Mary I is to create a set of revision notes / diagrams / mind maps on the ‘crisis’ in her reign. Use your printed notes / sheets to produce the revision work. These are some prompts for your revision:
The character and personality of Mary I
Marriage to Philip and the Anglo-Spanish alliance
Restoration of Catholicism
Persecution of Protestants
Foreign Policy – dependency on Spain?
Parliament / Privy Council
Wyatt’s Rebellion 1554
Some key questions…challenge = blog a response!
How effective were Mary’s policies? Would the effectiveness have increased if Mary had lived as long as Elizabeth?
Why has Mary’s reign been regarded as a failure?
On what grounds could her reign be considered a success?